PM Gati Shakti: how it plans to equip India with seamless multimodal transport network

The PM Gati Shakti aims to create roads linked to railway lines that will further feed into major and minor ports, leading to the efficient movement of goods, especially from the frontiers.

Infrastructure    13-May-2022
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- Kinjal Yogesh Dixit  
The PM Gati Shakti is an impressive National Master Plan which aims to lead India towards becoming a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the PM Gati Shakti - National Master Plan on October 13, 2021, in the 75th year of India's Independence. The plan was then given the green signal by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) soon after, on October 21.

PM Gati Shakti
The National Master Plan (NMP) actually combines all the existing initiatives of 16 ministries and gets them together on a centralized Geographic Information System (GIS) digital platform. Hence, they will now be able to visualize, review & monitor progress of these projects in a comprehensively. PM Gati Shakti NMP basically promotes the integrated planning and systematic implementation that gives Gati (speed) and Shakti (power) to the infrastructural connectivity projects for the industrial cluster and the economic zones.

Infrastructure development has become more of a necessity than just an indication of progress, in this day & age. Addressing this increasing need for connectivity, importance is being given to this by the govt. Under the NMP, the Ministry of Roads, Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has already announced plans to develop 22 greenfield expressways, 23 other key infrastructure projects, including other highway projects, as well as 35 Multi-Modal Logistics Parks (MMLPs), the Ministry of Roads, Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has announced.

The Delhi–Mumbai expressway, Ahmedabad-Dholera expressway, and Delhi-Amritsar-Katra expressway are already under construction. The Plan also acknowledges the North-East which had remained cut off from the rest of India by bad roads, connecting all capital cities of the 7 sisters through 4-lane highways. The aim of this investment is to add 1 lakh kilometres of the road network to double India’s national highways network to 2 lakh kms by the next 4 years!
Recently, Nitin Gadkari tweeted saying that the Ministry is committed to expanding the NH network across the country with the aim of constructing 18,000 km of NHs in 2022-23 at a record speed of 50 km per day.
In India, 64% freight is transported by roads which isn’t advisable with oil, natural gas prices rising every day. Hence, optimum use of railways, waterways, and airways for seamless movement of people, goods, and services need to be definitely enabled. This will give manufacturers across India, quicker access to local & global markets.

But this impressive master plan isn’t just limited to road transport network. The PM has promised over 200 airports, helipads, and water aerodromes in the next 5 years. 101 projects have been identified by Ministry of Ports under the NMP, to strengthen connectivity, along with the Sagarmala Bharatmala project to lay a grid of highways across the country. The railways' Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) is also being developed.
Also Read | Port led development-multiple road linkage projects connecting JNPT with hinterland road network in works at Rs 3,500 cr
However, when considered that 64% of freight is transported by roads, the trucking sector will be prominent to the NMP. The use of technology does wonders including enhancing the performance, generates bigger revenues, and helping customers know consignment status and location in real time so they know when to expect the delivery. Data analytics is capable of improving the supply chain and logistics operations to maximise ROI.

The PM Gati Shakti aims to create roads linked to railway lines that will further feed into major and minor ports, leading to the efficient movement of goods, especially from the frontiers.

Hence, the PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan is vital to the Prime Minister's 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' dream. The plan is expected to propel the 21st century India towards a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25.